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How can ocean spaces be converted into functional habitation for human beings?

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FLOATING COMMUNITIES:
Oceans comprise about 71 percent of earth’s surface area and provide food, transportation, and commerce. If our lands are depleted, can oceans be used to provide permanent sites of human habitation? Think of the Netherlands and its need for dikes and Venice, Italy: instead of fighting against the sea, Venice was built on a system of 100 islands in a natural harbor. Other cities encompass watery spaces; St. Petersburg (Russia) and Shanghai (China) are both coastal cities with numerous manmade canals throughout? That said, some cities like Singapore and Dubai, have run out of developable land and are actively building islands/new dry land offshore, partly to take pressure off high real estate prices. How can ocean spaces be converted into functional habitation for human beings?
As sea levels rise and extreme weather events occur with greater frequency, is living on the water a sustainable model for development? Is water habitation — not just living on a boat – the frontier of human expansion? Is this practice sustainable, especially when we consider that some
South Pacific island nations are losing sites for habitation as low-lying lands get swallowed by the sea. This has happened in Kiribati, the Seychelles, and Maldives.
The following information addresses prospects of floating communities.
1. Read this BBC.com travel article about settlements that float on the water: https://www.bbc.com/travel/article/20211003-are-floating-cities-our-futureLinks to an external site.
2. Next, read this article about a floating city in South Korea: https://www.newsweek.com/worlds-first-floating-city-oceanix-busan-south-korea-sustainability-rising-sea-levels-1701389
3. This article introduces the reader to Makoko, a floating slum outside of Lagos, Nigeria: https://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-51677371
4. This piece addresses the precariousness of living in Makoko: https://www.cnn.com/2020/02/26/africa/nigeria-makoko-mapping-intl/index.html
5. Finally, a video about the Maldives and its approach to rising sea levels:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lMIl0IRIWPQLinks to an external site.
In 200 words or less, please discuss the following:
Using examples from the above articles, what are some of the advantages of floating settlements? Disadvantages?
Using examples from the above articles, are floating cities a solution to housing insecurity and a sustainable solution to climate change? Where on earth could this work and where would it be ill-advised.

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