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Evaluate whether cognitive and behavior therapies are applicable to diverse peoples.

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Unit 5 Behavior and Cognitive Therapy INTRODUCTION This week we will be studying cognitive and behavioral theories of psychotherapy, which in recent years have been combined to form cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), the most widely researched and empirically supported type of therapy in the field of psychology. Behaviorism has some of its roots in the work of the famous Ivan Pavlov on classical conditioning. He experimented with pairing meat with a particular sound when the meat was fed to a dog. This resulted in the dog being conditioned to salivate whenever the dog heard that sound. His experiments have many human applications, particularly to phobias such as fear of driving, flying, heights, and animals, to name just a few. Joseph Wolpe, utilizing the theory of reciprocal inhibition, created the technique of systematic desensitization. In this technique, clients’ previous fears are paired in the imagination with relaxation, resulting in cures of specific phobias. This is one of the most successful treatments for a mental disorder in our field. B. F. Skinner, a famous behaviorist, was a professor at Harvard University for many years in the last century and conducted research on Operant conditioning, shaping, and reinforcement. His work has many therapeutic applications, including token economies which are widely used in many inpatient and residential treatment settings.
One of the giants in the field of cognitive therapy is Aaron Beck, who wrote a book called Cognitive Therapy. He and his students have studied the use of cognitive therapy for many specific psychological diagnoses, including depression, anxiety, and eating disorders, among many others. He is famous for the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) which are short pencil and paper tests to quantify the amount of self-reported depression or anxiety a client is experiencing. They have been used widely in research as well as in clinical settings. During Track 2 of colloquia, you will have the opportunity to learn how to administer these two tests (as well as others) and practice reporting results to clients in a role play situation. Cognitive behavioral therapy has been expanded in recent years to include treatments for difficult-to-treat diagnostic categories, such as obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) and various personality disorders. For example, Marsha Linehan has developed and continues to conduct research to enhance dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) as a treatment for borderline personality disorder. This therapy includes mindfulness training, an idea borrowed from Buddhism, which is also influencing other new forms of CBT in the last few decades, including acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT). Certainly how we think and how we behave are important aspects of human life, and must be addressed in one way or another by any theory of psychotherapy. Cognitive behavioral therapy in one form or another will probably remain useful in our field for many years to come. OBJECTIVES
To successfully complete this learning unit, you will be expected to:
1. Identify unique dimensions of cognitive and behavior therapy. 2. Appraise the strengths and weaknesses of cognitive and behavior therapy. 3. Evaluate whether cognitive and behavior therapies are applicable to diverse peoples. ***ASSIGNMENT***
Empirical Support for CBT Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) has some of the best empirical support of any theory in psychology. But what seems to be missing from this approach? Why are other theories also needed? Support your discussion with references to your readings from this week. (Chapters 6 & 7 are attached as videos)

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